Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Science
Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309073170
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 215

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Book Description
Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309073170
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 215

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Book Description
Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

Geologic Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste

Geologic Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste PDF Author: Roland Pusch
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780815367666
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Book Description
This new book presents the best practices for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste, and compares the leading methodologies of Very Deep Hole (VDH) and Mined Repository (MR) approaches. It also assesses their respective waste isolation capacities in both the short- and long-term, and weighs the associated risks.

Nuclear Waste Management in a Globalised World

Nuclear Waste Management in a Globalised World PDF Author: Urban Strandberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317985346
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 217

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Book Description
High-level nuclear waste (HLW) is a controversial and risky issue. For the next 100 years, the HLW will be subject to policy decisions and value assessments. Physically safe, technologically stable, and socio-economically sustainable HLW-management will top the agenda. That must be accomplished in a society whose segments are both stable and in a rapid state of flux, under the influence of global as well as national factors, private interests as well as the vagaries of national politics. Among the challenges to be faced is how to codify responsibilities of nuclear industry, governments and international organisations, and any adopted management policy must attain legitimacy at the local, national, regional and global levels. All such considerations raise questions about the practical and theoretical knowledge. This special issue book will address these questions by exploring HLW-management in Canada, France, Germany, India, Sweden, the UK and the USA. Special emphasis will be placed on highlighting national context, current trends and uncertainties, with relevance to a socially sustainable contemporary and future HLW-management.

Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation

Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309067782
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 46

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Book Description
During the next several years, decisions are expected to be made in several countries on the further development and implementation of the geological disposition option. The Board on Radioactive Waste Management (BRWM) of the U.S. National Academies believes that informed and reasoned discussion of relevant scientific, engineering and social issues can-and should-play a constructive role in the decision process by providing information to decision makers on relevant technical and policy issues. A BRWM-initiated project including a workshop at Irvine, California on November 4-5, 1999, and subsequent National Academies' report to be published in spring, 2000, are intended to provide such information to national policy makers both in the U.S. and abroad. To inform national policies, it is essential that experts from the physical, geological, and engineering sciences, and experts from the policy and social science communities work together. Some national programs have involved social science and policy experts from the beginning, while other programs have only recently recognized the importance of this collaboration. An important goal of the November workshop is to facilitate dialogue between these communities, as well as to encourage the sharing of experiences from many national programs. The workshop steering committee has prepared this discussion for participants at the workshop. It should elicit critical comments and help identify topics requiring in-depth discussion at the workshop. It is not intended as a statement of findings, conclusions, or recommendations. It is rather intended as a vehicle for stimulating dialogue among the workshop participants. Out of that dialogue will emerge the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the National Academies' report.

High Level Radioactive Waste (HLW) Disposal

High Level Radioactive Waste (HLW) Disposal PDF Author: R. Pusch
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845645669
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 321

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Book Description
High Level Radioactive Waste (HLW) Disposal, A Global Challenge presents the most recent information on proposed methods of disposal for the most dangerous radioactive waste and for assessing their function from short- and long-term perspectives. It discusses new aspects of the disposal of such waste, especially HLW. The book is unique in the literature in making it clear that, due to tectonics and long-term changes in rock structure, rock can serve only as a ""mechanical support to the chemical apparatus"" and that effective containment of hazardous elements can only be managed by properly designed and manufactured containers (""canisters""). This contradicts the common belief that the rock itself is an effective barrier to the transport of contaminants like radionuclides. The importance of the longevity of the containers becomes clear and requires a consideration of all degrading physical/chemical processes, which occupies a considerable part of the book. The book is thus an important contribution to the literature because it proposes design principles that can make repositories for HLW radioactive waste much safer.

Radioactive Waste Management

Radioactive Waste Management PDF Author: Yu S. Tang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780891166665
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 476

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Book Description
A complete overview of sources of radioactive waste, this book highlights the issues involved in safe transportation and decontamination as well as in decommissioning of nuclear facilities. It covers radioactive decay and radiation shielding calculations, management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high level-waste, low-level waste, transuranic waste, Uranium mill tailings, and mixed waste. It discusses technical and regulatory aspects of waste management and provides a look at historical record and its influence on current policy.

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309046912
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 110

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Book Description
This book recounts the issues raised and the viewpoints aired at a recent symposium on repository licensing. It summarizes the problems surrounding the setting of an Environmental Protection Agency standard for the release of radionuclides and the regulatory problems inherent in meeting such a standard. Symposium participants came from a variety of federal agencies and advisory groups, state governments, public interest groups, engineering firms, national laboratories, and foreign and international organizations. The book illustrates the strong feeling in the radioactive waste disposal community that changes must be made if the United States is to fulfill its promise of safe management of current and future nuclear waste.

Timing of High-level Waste Disposal

Timing of High-level Waste Disposal PDF Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher: OECD
ISBN: 9789264046252
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 130

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Book Description
This study identifies key factors influencing the timing of high-level waste (HLW) disposal and examines how social acceptability, technical soundness, environmental responsibility and economic feasibility impact on national strategies for HLW management and disposal. Based on case study analyzes, it also presents the strategic approaches adopted in a number of national policies to address public concerns and civil society requirements regarding long-term stewardship of high-level radioactive waste. The findings and conclusions of the study confirm the importance of informing all stakeholders and involving them in the decision-making process in order to implement HLW disposal strategies successfully. This study will be of considerable interest to nuclear energy policy makers and analysts as well as to experts in the area of radioactive waste management and disposal.

Conflicts, Participation and Acceptability in Nuclear Waste Governance

Conflicts, Participation and Acceptability in Nuclear Waste Governance PDF Author: Achim Brunnengräber
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658271078
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 409

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Book Description
This book is the last part of a trilogy and concludes a long-term project that focussed on nuclear waste governance in 24 countries. It deals with core themes of the disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), e.g. the wicked problems of housing nuclear waste disposal facilities, public participation and public discourse, voluntarism and compensation in siting as well as the role of advisory bodies and commissions. The volume reflects on the diverse factors that shape the debate on what can be considered an ”acceptable solution” and on various strategies adopted in order to minimise conflicts and possibly increase acceptability. The various theoretical and empirical contributions shed light on several mechanisms and issues touched upon in these strategies, such as the role of trust, voluntarism, economic interests at stake, compensation, ethics, governance, and participation.

Geology of High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal

Geology of High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal PDF Author: I.S. Roxburgh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412299100
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 254

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Book Description