Light Scattering by Particles in Water

Science
Light Scattering by Particles in Water PDF Author: Miroslaw Jonasz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080548679
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 714

Get Book

Book Description
Light scattering-based methods are used to characterize small particles suspended in water in a wide range of disciplines ranging from oceanography, through medicine, to industry. The scope and accuracy of these methods steadily increases with the progress in light scattering research. This book focuses on the theoretical and experimental foundations of the study and modeling of light scattering by particles in water and critically evaluates the key constraints of light scattering models. It begins with a brief review of the relevant theoretical fundamentals of the interaction of light with condensed matter, followed by an extended discussion of the basic optical properties of pure water and seawater and the physical principles that explain them. The book continues with a discussion of key optical features of the pure water/seawater and the most common components of natural waters. In order to clarify and put in focus some of the basic physical principles and most important features of the experimental data on light scattering by particles in water, the authors employ simple models. The book concludes with extensive critical reviews of the experimental constraints of light scattering models: results of measurements of light scattering and of the key properties of the particles: size distribution, refractive index (composition), structure, and shape. These reviews guide the reader through literature scattered among more than 210 scientific journals and periodicals which represent a wide range of disciplines. A special emphasis is put on the methods of measuring both light scattering and the relevant properties of the particles, because principles of these methods may affect interpretation and applicability of the results. The book includes extensive guides to literature on light scattering data and instrumentation design, as well as on the data for size distributions, refractive indices, and shapes typical of particles in natural waters. It also features a comprehensive index, numerous cross-references, and a reference list with over 1370 entries. An errata sheet for this work can be found at: http://www.tpdsci.com/Ref/Jonasz_M_2007_LightScatE.php *Extensive reference section provides handy compilations of knowledge on the designs of light scattering meters, sources of experimental data, and more *Worked exercises and examples throughout

Light Scattering by Particles in Water

Light Scattering by Particles in Water PDF Author: Miroslaw Jonasz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080548679
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 714

View

Book Description
Light scattering-based methods are used to characterize small particles suspended in water in a wide range of disciplines ranging from oceanography, through medicine, to industry. The scope and accuracy of these methods steadily increases with the progress in light scattering research. This book focuses on the theoretical and experimental foundations of the study and modeling of light scattering by particles in water and critically evaluates the key constraints of light scattering models. It begins with a brief review of the relevant theoretical fundamentals of the interaction of light with condensed matter, followed by an extended discussion of the basic optical properties of pure water and seawater and the physical principles that explain them. The book continues with a discussion of key optical features of the pure water/seawater and the most common components of natural waters. In order to clarify and put in focus some of the basic physical principles and most important features of the experimental data on light scattering by particles in water, the authors employ simple models. The book concludes with extensive critical reviews of the experimental constraints of light scattering models: results of measurements of light scattering and of the key properties of the particles: size distribution, refractive index (composition), structure, and shape. These reviews guide the reader through literature scattered among more than 210 scientific journals and periodicals which represent a wide range of disciplines. A special emphasis is put on the methods of measuring both light scattering and the relevant properties of the particles, because principles of these methods may affect interpretation and applicability of the results. The book includes extensive guides to literature on light scattering data and instrumentation design, as well as on the data for size distributions, refractive indices, and shapes typical of particles in natural waters. It also features a comprehensive index, numerous cross-references, and a reference list with over 1370 entries. An errata sheet for this work can be found at: http://www.tpdsci.com/Ref/Jonasz_M_2007_LightScatE.php *Extensive reference section provides handy compilations of knowledge on the designs of light scattering meters, sources of experimental data, and more *Worked exercises and examples throughout

Light Scattering by Small Particles

Light Scattering by Small Particles PDF Author: H. C. van de Hulst
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486139751
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 496

View

Book Description
Comprehensive treatment of light-scattering properties of small, independent particles, including a full range of useful approximation methods for researchers in chemistry, meteorology, and astronomy. 46 tables. 59 graphs. 44 illustrations.

Light Scattering by Particles

Light Scattering by Particles PDF Author: Peter W. Barber
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789971508326
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 261

View

Book Description
This book presents the separation-of-variables and T-matrix methods of calculating the scattering of electromagnetic waves by particles. Analytical details and computer programs are provided for determining the scattering and absorption characteristics of the finite-thickness slab, infinite circular cylinder (normal incidence), general axisymmetric particle, and sphere.The computer programs are designed to generate data that is easy to graph and visualize, and test cases in the book illustrate the capabilities of the programs. The connection between the theory and the computer programs is reinforced by references in the computer programs to equations in the text. This cross-referencing will help the reader understand the computer programs, and, if necessary, modify them for other purposes.

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles PDF Author: Craig F. Bohren
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9780471293408
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544

View

Book Description
Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles Treating absorption and scattering in equal measure, this self-contained, interdisciplinary study examines and illustrates how small particles absorb and scatter light. The authors emphasize that any discussion of the optical behavior of small particles is inseparable from a full understanding of the optical behavior of the parent material-bulk matter. To divorce one concept from the other is to render any study on scattering theory seriously incomplete. Special features and important topics covered in this book include: * Classical theories of optical properties based on idealized models * Measurements for three representative materials: magnesium oxide, aluminum, and water * An extensive discussion of electromagnetic theory * Numerous exact and approximate solutions to various scattering problems * Examples and applications from physics, astrophysics, atmospheric physics, and biophysics * Some 500 references emphasizing work done since Kerker's 1969 work on scattering theory * Computer programs for calculating scattering by spheres, coated spheres, and infinite cylinders

Light Scattering by Irregularly Shaped Particles

Light Scattering by Irregularly Shaped Particles PDF Author: Schuerman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468437046
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 334

View

Book Description
This volume contains most of the invited papers presented at the International Workshop on Light Scattering by Irregularly Shaped Particles held on June 5-7, 1979. at the State University of New York at Albany (SUNYA). Over seventy participants representing many dis ciplines convened to define some of the ever-increasing number of resonant light-scattering problems associated with particle shape and to relate their most recent investigations in this field. It is obvious from the two introductory papers that an investi gator's primary discipline determines his/her approach to the light scattering problem. The meteorologist, Diran Deirmendjian, advocates an empirical methodology: to model the scattering by atmospheric aerosols, using equivalent spheres as standards, in the most effi cient and simplest manner that is consistent with remote sensing, in situ, and laboratory· data. Because of the almost infinite variety of particle shapes, he questions not only the possibility but even the usefulness of the exact solution of scattering by a totally arbitrary particle. The astrophysicist, J. Mayo Greenberg, is primarily concerned with the information content carried by the scattered light because this radiation is the sole clue to under standing the nature of interstellar dust. What measurements (polar ization, color dependence, etc ••• ) should be made to best determine a given particle characteristic (size, surface roughness, refractive index, etc ••• )? Thus, he considers the physics of the scattering process to be of paramount interest.

Light Scattering Media Optics

Light Scattering Media Optics PDF Author: Alex A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540211846
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 299

View

Book Description
The theory of the scattering of light by small particles is very important in a wide range of applications in atmospheric physics and atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics and biological optics. This book summarises current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and natural light scattering media such as snow, clouds, foam aerosols etc. The book considers both single and multiple light scattering regimes, together with light scattering and radiative transfer in close-packed media. The third edition incorporates new findings in the area of light scattering media optics in an updated version of the text.

Optics of Light Scattering Media

Optics of Light Scattering Media PDF Author: Alex A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher: Springer-Praxis
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262

View

Book Description
Summarizes current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and light scattering media (e.g. snow, clouds, foam, aerosols) crucial to diverse applications in atmospheric physics, atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy, astrophysics, and biological optics. The main focus of Kokhanovsky (physics, Academy of Sciences, Minsk, Belarus) is on modern approximate analytical solutions for single and multiple light scattering problems, but he does not ignore theory (namely, scattering theory and radioactive transfer theory). Includes appendices on refractive indices; exact solutions of light-scattering problems for uniform, two-layered and optically active spherical particles; special functions; light-scattering codes on the Internet; and phase functions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation

The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation PDF Author: Milton Kerker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483225240
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 684

View

Book Description
The Scattering of Light and other Electromagnetic Radiation covers the theory of electromagnetic scattering and its practical applications to light scattering. This book is divided into 10 chapters that particularly present examples of practical applications to light scattering from colloidal and macromolecular systems. The opening chapters survey the physical concept of electromagnetic waves and optics. The subsequent chapters deal with the theory of scattering by spheres and infinitely long cylinders. These topics are followed by discussions on the application of light scattering to the determination of the size distribution of colloidal particles. The last chapters are devoted to the Rayleigh-Debye scattering and the scattering by liquids, as well as the concept of anisotropy. These chapters also describe the effect upon light scattering of partial orientation of anisotropic particles in electrical and magnetic fields and in viscous flow. This book is of value to physical chemists and physical chemistry researchers, teachers, and students.

Light Scattering Reviews 3

Light Scattering Reviews 3 PDF Author: Alexander A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540485465
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408

View

Book Description
This is the 3rd volume of a "Light Scattering Reviews" series devoted to current knowledge of light scattering problems and both experimental and theoretical research techniques related to their solution. This volume covers applications in remote sensing, inverse problems and geophysics, with a particular focus on terrestrial clouds. The influence of clouds on climate is poorly understood. The theoretical aspects of this problem constitute the main emphasis of this work.

Light Scattering by Small Particles

Light Scattering by Small Particles PDF Author: Shelby Forrester Nelson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Light
Languages : en
Pages : 84

View

Book Description