Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste PDF Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Co-ordinating Group on Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Publisher: OECD
ISBN:
Category : Hazardous wastes
Languages : en
Pages : 68

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Nuclear Waste Research

Nuclear Waste Research PDF Author: Arnold P. Lattefer
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781604561845
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 284

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Book Description
Radioactive wastes are waste types containing radioactive chemical elements that do not have a practical purpose. They are sometimes the products of a nuclear processes, such as nuclear fission. However, other industries not directly connected to the nuclear industry can produce large quantities of radioactive waste. For instance, over the past 20 years it is estimated that just the oil-producing endeavours of the US have accumulated 8 million tons of radioactive wastes. The majority of radioactive waste is "low-level waste", meaning it has low levels of radioactivity per mass or volume. This type of waste often consists of used protective clothing, which is only slightly contaminated but still dangerous in case of radioactive contamination of a human body through ingestion, inhalation, absorption, or injection. The issue of disposal methods for nuclear waste was one of the most pressing current problems the international nuclear industry faced when trying to establish a long term energy production plan, yet there was hope it could be safely solved. In the U.S., the DOE acknowledged much progress in addressing the waste problems of the industry, and successful remediation of some contaminated sites, yet also major uncertainties and sometimes complications and setbacks in handling the issue properly, cost effectively, and in the projected time frame. In other countries with lower ability or will to maintain environmental integrity the issue would be more problematic. This new book presents the latest research in the field.

Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management

Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Radioactive waste disposal
Languages : en
Pages : 744

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Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance PDF Author: Achim Brunnengräber
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658214414
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 333

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Book Description
This is volume two of a comparative analysis of nuclear waste governance and public participation in decision-making regarding the storage and siting of high-level radioactive waste and spent fuel in different countries. The contributors examine both the historical and current approaches countries have taken to address the wicked challenge of nuclear waste governance. The analyses discuss the regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, costs and financing issues, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public participation found in each country.

Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Disposition of High-Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel PDF Author: Committee on Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Publisher: National Academy Press
ISBN:
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 198

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Book Description
Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Radioactive waste disposal in the ground
Languages : en
Pages : 64

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Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean-Up

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean-Up PDF Author: William E Lee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709744X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 912

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Book Description
Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation PDF Author: Michael I Ojovan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080455716
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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Book Description
Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies. * Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials. * Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.

Nuclear Waste Management

Nuclear Waste Management PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Fossil and Nuclear Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Radioactive waste disposal
Languages : en
Pages : 1168

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Book Description


Chemical Separation Technologies and Related Methods of Nuclear Waste Management

Chemical Separation Technologies and Related Methods of Nuclear Waste Management PDF Author: Gregory R. Choppin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792356387
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Book Description
Separation technologies are of crucial importance to the goal of significantly reducing the volume of high-level nuclear waste, thereby reducing the long-term health risks to mankind. International co-operation, including the sharing of concepts and methods, as well as technology transfer, is essential in accelerating research and development in the field. The writers of this book are all internationally recognised experts in the field of separation technology, well qualified to assess and criticize the current state of separation research as well as to identify future opportunities for the application of separation technologies to the solution of nuclear waste management problems. The major emphases in the book are research opportunities in the utilization of innovative and potentially more efficient and cost effective processes for waste processing/treatment, actinide speciation/separation methods, technological processing, and environmental restoration.