Finite Simple Groups

Mathematics
Finite Simple Groups PDF Author: Daniel Gorenstein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
In February 1981, the classification of the finite simple groups (Dl)* was completed,t. * representing one of the most remarkable achievements in the history or mathematics. Involving the combined efforts of several hundred mathematicians from around the world over a period of 30 years, the full proof covered something between 5,000 and 10,000 journal pages, spread over 300 to 500 individual papers. The single result that, more than any other, opened up the field and foreshadowed the vastness of the full classification proof was the celebrated theorem of Walter Feit and John Thompson in 1962, which stated that every finite group of odd order (D2) is solvable (D3)-a statement expressi ble in a single line, yet its proof required a full 255-page issue of the Pacific 10urnal of Mathematics [93]. Soon thereafter, in 1965, came the first new sporadic simple group in over 100 years, the Zvonimir Janko group 1 , to further stimulate the 1 'To make the book as self-contained as possible. we are including definitions of various terms as they occur in the text. However. in order not to disrupt the continuity of the discussion. we have placed them at the end of the Introduction. We denote these definitions by (DI). (D2), (D3). etc.

Finite Simple Groups

Finite Simple Groups PDF Author: Daniel Gorenstein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
In February 1981, the classification of the finite simple groups (Dl)* was completed,t. * representing one of the most remarkable achievements in the history or mathematics. Involving the combined efforts of several hundred mathematicians from around the world over a period of 30 years, the full proof covered something between 5,000 and 10,000 journal pages, spread over 300 to 500 individual papers. The single result that, more than any other, opened up the field and foreshadowed the vastness of the full classification proof was the celebrated theorem of Walter Feit and John Thompson in 1962, which stated that every finite group of odd order (D2) is solvable (D3)-a statement expressi ble in a single line, yet its proof required a full 255-page issue of the Pacific 10urnal of Mathematics [93]. Soon thereafter, in 1965, came the first new sporadic simple group in over 100 years, the Zvonimir Janko group 1 , to further stimulate the 1 'To make the book as self-contained as possible. we are including definitions of various terms as they occur in the text. However. in order not to disrupt the continuity of the discussion. we have placed them at the end of the Introduction. We denote these definitions by (DI). (D2), (D3). etc.

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 3

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 3 PDF Author: Daniel Gorenstein
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821803912
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 446

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Book Description
Examines the internal structure of the finite simple groups of Lie type, the finite alternating groups, and 26 sporadic finite simple groups, as well as their analogues. Emphasis is on the structure of local subgroups and their relationships with one another, rather than development of an abstract theory of simple groups. A foundation is laid for the development of specific properties of K-groups to be used in the inductive proof of the classification theorem. Highlights include statements and proofs of the Breol-Tits and Curtis-Tits theorems, and material on centralizers of semisimple involutions in groups of Lie type. For graduate students and research mathematicians. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Finite Simple Groups

The Finite Simple Groups PDF Author: Robert Wilson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848009879
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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Book Description
Thisbookisintendedasanintroductiontoallthe?nitesimplegroups.During themonumentalstruggletoclassifythe?nitesimplegroups(andindeedsince), a huge amount of information about these groups has been accumulated. Conveyingthisinformationtothenextgenerationofstudentsandresearchers, not to mention those who might wish to apply this knowledge, has become a major challenge. With the publication of the two volumes by Aschbacher and Smith [12, 13] in 2004 we can reasonably regard the proof of the Classi?cation Theorem for Finite Simple Groups (usually abbreviated CFSG) as complete. Thus it is timely to attempt an overview of all the (non-abelian) ?nite simple groups in one volume. For expository purposes it is convenient to divide them into four basic types, namely the alternating, classical, exceptional and sporadic groups. The study of alternating groups soon develops into the theory of per- tation groups, which is well served by the classic text of Wielandt [170]and more modern treatments such as the comprehensive introduction by Dixon and Mortimer [53] and more specialised texts such as that of Cameron [19].

Theory of Finite Simple Groups

Theory of Finite Simple Groups PDF Author: Gerhard Michler
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521866251
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 675

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Book Description
The first representation theoretic and algorithmic approach to the theory of abstract finite simple groups.

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups PDF Author: Daniel Gorenstein
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821809601
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 165

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The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 8: Part III, Chapters 12–17: The Generic Case, Completed

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 8: Part III, Chapters 12–17: The Generic Case, Completed PDF Author: Daniel Gorenstein
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470441896
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 488

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Book Description
This book completes a trilogy (Numbers 5, 7, and 8) of the series The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups treating the generic case of the classification of the finite simple groups. In conjunction with Numbers 4 and 6, it allows us to reach a major milestone in our series—the completion of the proof of the following theorem: Theorem O: Let G be a finite simple group of odd type, all of whose proper simple sections are known simple groups. Then either G is an alternating group or G is a finite group of Lie type defined over a field of odd order or G is one of six sporadic simple groups. Put another way, Theorem O asserts that any minimal counterexample to the classification of the finite simple groups must be of even type. The work of Aschbacher and Smith shows that a minimal counterexample is not of quasithin even type, while this volume shows that a minimal counterexample cannot be of generic even type, modulo the treatment of certain intermediate configurations of even type which will be ruled out in the next volume of our series.

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 4

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 4 PDF Author: Daniel Gorenstein
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082181379X
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 341

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Book Description


The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 9

The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups, Number 9 PDF Author: Inna Capdeboscq
Publisher: American Mathematical Society
ISBN: 1470464373
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Book Description
This book is the ninth volume in a series whose goal is to furnish a careful and largely self-contained proof of the classification theorem for the finite simple groups. Having completed the classification of the simple groups of odd type as well as the classification of the simple groups of generic even type (modulo uniqueness theorems to appear later), the current volume begins the classification of the finite simple groups of special even type. The principal result of this volume is a classification of the groups of bicharacteristic type, i.e., of both even type and of $p$-type for a suitable odd prime $p$. It is here that the largest sporadic groups emerge, namely the Monster, the Baby Monster, the largest Conway group, and the three Fischer groups, along with six finite groups of Lie type over small fields, several of which play a major role as subgroups or sections of these sporadic groups.

The Maximal Factorizations of the Finite Simple Groups and Their Automorphism Groups

The Maximal Factorizations of the Finite Simple Groups and Their Automorphism Groups PDF Author: Martin W. Liebeck
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821824945
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 151

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Book Description
Factorizations of finite groups as a product of two proper subgroups arise naturally in several areas of group theory, geometry, and applications. In this book, the authors determine all factorizations of the finite simple groups and their automorphism groups as a product of two maximal subgroups. The proof involved detailed study of the geometry of simple groups, and there is a substantial introductory section presenting this material.

The Classification of Finite Simple Groups

The Classification of Finite Simple Groups PDF Author: Michael Aschbacher
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821853368
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 347

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Book Description
The book provides an outline and modern overview of the classification of the finite simple groups. It primarily covers the "even case", where the main groups arising are Lie-type (matrix) groups over a field of characteristic 2. The book thus completes a project begun by Daniel Gorenstein's 1983 book, which outlined the classification of groups of "noncharacteristic 2 type". However, this book provides much more. Chapter 0 is a modern overview of the logical structure of the entire classification. Chapter 1 is a concise but complete outline of the "odd case" with updated references, while Chapter 2 sets the stage for the remainder of the book with a similar outline of the "even case". The remaining six chapters describe in detail the fundamental results whose union completes the proof of the classification theorem. Several important subsidiary results are also discussed. In addition, there is a comprehensive listing of the large number of papers referenced from the literature. Appendices provide a brief but valuable modern introduction to many key ideas and techniques of the proof. Some improved arguments are developed, along with indications of new approaches to the entire classification--such as the second and third generation projects--although there is no attempt to cover them comprehensively. The work should appeal to a broad range of mathematicians--from those who just want an overview of the main ideas of the classification, to those who want a reader's guide to help navigate some of the major papers, and to those who may wish to improve the existing proofs.