Words in the Mind

Language Arts & Disciplines
Words in the Mind PDF Author: Jean Aitchison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118170962
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
Featuring new coverage of the brain and language, and lexicalcorpora, the 4th edition of Words in the Mind offers readersthe latest thinking about the ways in which we learn words,remember them, understand them, and find the ones we want to use. Explores the latest insights into the complex relationshipbetween language, words, and the human mind, creating a rich andrevealing resource for students and non-specialists alike Addresses the structure and content of the human word-store– the ‘mental lexicon’ – with particularreference to the spoken language of native English speakers Features a wealth of new material, including an all-new chapterfocusing exclusively on the brain and language, and enhancedcoverage of lexical corpora – computerized databases –and on lexical change of meaning Incorporates numerous updates throughout, including expansionof many notes and suggestions for further reading Comprises state-of-the-art research, yet remains accessible andstudent-friendly

Words in the Mind

Words in the Mind PDF Author: Jean Aitchison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118170962
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352

View

Book Description
Featuring new coverage of the brain and language, and lexicalcorpora, the 4th edition of Words in the Mind offers readersthe latest thinking about the ways in which we learn words,remember them, understand them, and find the ones we want to use. Explores the latest insights into the complex relationshipbetween language, words, and the human mind, creating a rich andrevealing resource for students and non-specialists alike Addresses the structure and content of the human word-store– the ‘mental lexicon’ – with particularreference to the spoken language of native English speakers Features a wealth of new material, including an all-new chapterfocusing exclusively on the brain and language, and enhancedcoverage of lexical corpora – computerized databases –and on lexical change of meaning Incorporates numerous updates throughout, including expansionof many notes and suggestions for further reading Comprises state-of-the-art research, yet remains accessible andstudent-friendly

Words and the Mind

Words and the Mind PDF Author: Barbara Malt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190295120
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
The study of word meanings promises important insights into the nature of the human mind by revealing what people find to be most cognitively significant in their experience. However, as we learn more about the semantics of various languages, we are faced with an interesting problem. Different languages seem to be telling us different stories about the mind. For example, important distinctions made in one language are not necessarily made in others. What are we to make of these cross-linguistic differences? How do they arise? Are they created by purely linguistic processes operating over the course of language evolution? Or do they reflect fundamental differences in thought? In this sea of differences, are there any semantic universals? Which categories might be given by the genes, which by culture, and which by language? And what might the cross-linguistic similarities and differences contribute to our understanding of conceptual and linguistic development? The kinds of mapping principles, structures, and processes that link language and non-linguistic knowledge must accommodate not just one language but the rich diversity that has been uncovered. The integration of knowledge and methodologies necessary for real progress in answering these questions has happened only recently, as experimental approaches have been applied to the cross-linguistic study of word meaning. In Words and the Mind, Barbara Malt and Phillip Wolff present evidence from the leading researchers who are carrying out this empirical work on topics as diverse as spatial relations, events, emotion terms, motion events, objects, body-part terms, causation, color categories, and relational categories. By bringing them together, Malt and Wolff highlight some of the most exciting cross-linguistic and cross-cultural work on the language-thought interface, from a broad array of fields including linguistics, anthropology, cognitive and developmental psychology, and cognitive neuropsychology. Their results provide some answers to these questions and new perspectives on the issues surrounding them.

Morphologically complex words in the mind/brain

Morphologically complex words in the mind/brain PDF Author: Alina Leminen
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198030
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The question of how morphologically complex words (assign-ment, listen-ed) are represented and processed in the brain has been one of the most hotly debated topics in the cognitive neuroscience of language. Do complex words engage cortical representations and processes equivalent to single lexical objects or are they processed as sequences of separate morpheme-like units? Research on morphological processing has suggested that adults make efficient use of both lexical (i.e., whole word) storage and retrieval, as well as combinatorial computation in processing morphologically complex words. Psycholinguistic studies have demonstrated that processing of complex words can be affected both by properties of the morphemes and the whole words, such as their frequency, transparency, and regularity. Furthermore, this research has been informative about the time-course of complex word recognition and production, and the role of morphological structure in these processes. At the neural level, left-hemisphere inferior frontal and superior temporal areas, and negative-going event-related potentials, have been consistently associated with morphological processing. While most previous research has been done on the recognition of morphologically complex words in adult native speakers, much less is known about neurocognitive processes involved in the on-line production of morphologically complex words, and even less on morphological processing in children and non-native speakers. Moreover, we have limited understanding of how linguistically distinct morphological processes, e.g. inflectional (listen-ed) versus derivational (assign-ment), are handled by the cortical language networks. This e-book provides an up-to-date overview of the questions currently addressed in the field of morphological processing. It highlights the significance of morphological information in language processing, both written and spoken, as assessed by a variety of methods and approaches. It also provides a comprehensive range of research and development tools for the development of new technologies.

Keeping Those Words in Mind

Keeping Those Words in Mind PDF Author: Max Louwerse
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1633886514
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
How can humans keep thousands of words in mind and have no difficulty understanding trillions of sentences? The answer to this question might lie in parents teaching their children language skills, or in in the human brain, which may be equipped with a language instinct or maybe in impressive memory skills that link words to their perceptual information. Undoubtedly, there is some truth to some of these explanations. But one answer – perhaps the most important answer – has been largely ignored. Keeping Those Words in Mind tries to remedy this oversight. Linguist and cognitive psychologist Max Louwerse, PhD. argues that understanding language is not just possible because of memory, brains, environment and computation, but because of the patterns in the sequence of sounds and words themselves.He demonstrates that what seems to be an arbitrary communication system, with arbitrary characters and sounds that become words, and arbitrary meanings for those words, actually is a well-organized system that has evolved over tens of thousands of years to make communication as efficient as it is. What is needed for humans to acquire language, is for humans to recognize and discover the patterns in our communication system. By examining how our brains process language and find patterns, the intricacies of the language system itself, and even scientific breakthroughs in computer science and artificial intelligence, Keeping Those Words in Mind brings a brand new and interdisciplinary explanation for our ability to extract meaning from language.

Englische Morphologie und Wortbildung

Englische Morphologie und Wortbildung PDF Author: Hans-Jörg Schmid
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : English language
Languages : de
Pages : 247

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Book Description
Das Buch führt schrittweise in die Grundbegriffe der englischen Morphologie und Wortbildung ein und fasst den aktuellen Forschungsstand gut verständlich zusammen. Besonderes Augenmerk wird dabei auf eine präzise Ausdifferenzierung der Begriffe gelegt, um ein Bewusstsein für terminologische Grauzonen und Übergangsphänomene zu schaffen. Neue Sichtweisen zu einer Reihe von Themen, u. a. zum Verlauf der Etablierung neuer komplexer Lexeme, zu den kognitiven Funktionen der verschiedenen Wortbildungs-muster und zur Konversion, runden die umfassende Darstellung ab. Studierenden der Anglistik und Linguistik kann das Buch neben der Einführung in die Materie somit auch zur Vorbereitung auf Prüfungen, als Hilfsmittel für Seminar- und Abschlussarbeiten sowie dank seines umfangreichen Sach- und Morphemregisters auch als Referenzwerk dienen. Praxisbezug und Aktualität werden durch den Einsatz von authentischem Korpusmaterial gewährleistet, das nicht nur laufend zur Illustration dient, sondern auch für Angaben über die Vorkommenshäufigkeit morphologischer Phänomene in verschiedenen Textsorten ausgewertet wird. Dies ermöglicht eine Erweiterung der in der Morphologie traditionell dominierenden strukturellen Perspektive in Richtung moderner sozio-pragmatischer und kognitiv-linguistischer Ansätze.

Discovering Speech, Words, and Mind

Discovering Speech, Words, and Mind PDF Author: Dani Byrd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357786
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Written in a lively style, Discovering Speech, Words, and Mind applies a scientific approach to the study of various aspects of speech, using everyday examples to introduce the beginning student to the world of language and cognition. An accessible introduction to the fundamentals of speech production, speech perception, word-formation, language acquisition and speech disorders Considers how the informational content of the speech signal relates to phonological units – connecting the three areas of speech, words, and mind Focuses on speech production and recognition at the word-level and below, and includes sign languages Written in a highly accessible style for students with no background in linguistics or psychology Packed with numerous student-friendly features, including engaging examples, illustrations, and sidebars for further discussion; further online exercises and data also available at http://www.discoveringspeech.wiley.com/

Healing Words for the Body, Mind, and Spirit

Healing Words for the Body, Mind, and Spirit PDF Author: Caren Goldman
Publisher: Church Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 9780819227188
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
Easy to use in a variety of ways, Healing Words is complementary medicine for the mind, body, and spirit that has a history of proven efficacy for people of all faiths on their journeys to healing and wholeness. Every two-page spread is a chapter headlined by one of 101 words that relate to healing the mind, body, and spirit as a process or event. The word is followed by a definition, a personal reflection or a story that relates to the healing power of the word, quotes, and an affirmation for the reader to use on his or her healing journey. The quotes include contemporary excerpts as well as words from the sages, plus proverbs, psalms, and more.

887 Decisive Words to Have a Beautiful Mind

887 Decisive Words to Have a Beautiful Mind PDF Author: Nicholas Mag
Publisher: Nicholas Mag
ISBN:
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The Miracle! In this book Nicholas presents you a practical, unique, subliminal, very simple, detailed method of how to Have a Beautiful Mind. You will feel the effects immediately and the results will appear very quickly! So it was in my case. You will not achieve fulfillment and happiness until YOU become the architect of your own reality. Imagine that with a few moments each day, you could begin the powerful transformation toward complete control of your own life and well being through this unique, subliminal method combined with positive affirmations. The order of words is extremely important for every book written by Nicholas. These are arranged to be traversed in a certain way so as to eliminate certain blockages in the human being, blockages that are bringing disease or failure on various plans. You don't need a big chunk of your time or expensive programs. Everything is extremely simple! Health, money, prosperity, abundance, safety, stability, sociability, charisma, sexual vitality, erotic attraction, will, optimism, perseverance, self-confidence, tenacity, courage, love, loving relationships, self-control, self-esteem, enthusiasm , refinement, intuition, detachment, intelligence, mental calm, power of concentration, exceptional memory, aspiration, transcendence, wisdom, compassion. You have the ability to unlock your full inner-potential and achieve your ultimate goals. This is the age-old secret of the financial elite, world class scholars, and Olympic champions. For example, when you watch the Olympics, you'll find one consistency in all of the champions. Each one closes their eyes for a moment and clearly affirms & visualizes themselves completing the event flawlessly just before starting. Then they win gold medals and become champions. That's merely one example of how the real power of mind can elevate you above any of life's challenges. By reading this book, you will feel totally that life deserves to be lived and enjoyed every moment and that everything that you propose for yourself becomes easy for you to fulfill. Nicholas will guide you to touch your longed-for dream and will make you see life from a new perspective, full of freshness and success. This book helps you step by step, in a natural way, in just 3 minutes a day, to change your misguided way of thinking and to Have a Beautiful Mind. (NOTE: For good, Nicholas keep the price of the book as lower as he can, even if is a hard work behind this project. A significant portion of the earnings from the sale of the book are used for these purposes: for charity, volunteer projects, nature restoration, and other inspired ideas to do good where it is needed. If you can not afford to buy the book please contact Nicholas and he will give you a free copy.) You, also have a bonus in the pages of the book that makes you live your success by doing a seemingly trivial thing. You will feel the difference. Yes. The Miracle is possible! Get Your Copy Now!

Of Thoughts and Words

Of Thoughts and Words PDF Author: Sture Allén
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783263873
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 308

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Book Description
The concept of language is an elusive one, and the concept of mind even more so. Still the relation between them is of current interest in many quarters. The purpose of the Nobel Symposium on language and mind was to establish a forum for the discussion of this fundamental relation in a creative perspective. Representatives of several fields of knowledge, arts, and research gathered in an interdisciplinary setting, focusing on five aspects: literature, general linguistics, psycholinguistics, neurology, and artificial intelligence. Contents: Literature:A Cat's Meow (J Brodsky)A Mouse's Defence. Discussion of Joseph Brodsky's Paper “A Cat's Meow” (K Espmark)Monstrous Intimacy. Of Literature as Experience. Discussion of Joseph Brodsky's Paper (J Kristeva)The Invisible Intervention. Discussion of Joseph Brodsky's Paper (P Tafdrup)Ark (P Tafdrup)Creativity and Quality. Discussion of Joseph Brodsky's Paper (A Ellegård)General Linguistics:On Language in Relation to the Evolution of Human Consciousness (M A K Halliday)Discussion of M A K Halliday's Paper (Ö Dahl)Semiosis: Language(s), Texts/Discourses, and Grammar(s). Discussion of M A K Halliday's Paper (J Sándor Petöfi)Discussion of M A K Halliday's Paper (S Öhman)Psycholinguistics:Accessing the Mind through Language (W Chafe)Minds, Modules and Evolution. Discussion of Wallace Chafe's Paper (J Aitchison)And There was Snow, Chest High, at Tuolomne Meadows. Discussion of Wallace Chafe's Paper (J Asplund)Speaking about the Inner Environment. Discussion of Wallace Chafe's Paper (P Gärdenfors)Neurology:Language and the Brain. A Look at Brain Circuitry with Functional Brain Imaging (M Raichle)Discussion of Marcus E Raichle's Paper “Language and the Brain: A Look at Brain Circuitry with Functional Brain Imaging” (A Ellegård)Language and Consciousness Ñ Neurolinguistic and Clinical Aspects. Discussion of Marcus E Raichle's Paper (D H Ingvar)Understanding Understanding? Brain Imaging and Experimental Semantics. Discussion of Marcus E Raichle's Paper (T N¿rretranders)Artificial Intelligence:Speechstuff and Thoughtstuff. Musing on the Resonances Created by Words and Phrases via the Subliminal Perception of Their Buried Parts (D R Hofstadter)Language and Mind as Topics in Natural Science. Discussion of Douglas R Hofstadter's Paper (P Kanerva)Distortions. Discussion of Douglas R Hofstadter's Paper (U Linde)IT-ism. Discussion of Douglas R Hofstadter's Paper (P Weissglas)and other papers Readership: General. Keywords:Language;Mind;Creative;GrammarKnowledge;Discourses;Brain;Imaging;Neurolinguistics;Semantics;Literature;Linguistics;Psycholinguistics;Neurology;AI;Evolution;Human Consciousness;Text;Cents

Effective Words (1896 +) to Talk With Your Subconscious Mind and Daydream Your Way to a Better Life

Effective Words (1896 +) to Talk With Your Subconscious Mind and Daydream Your Way to a Better Life PDF Author: Nicholas Mag
Publisher: Nicholas Mag
ISBN:
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The Miracle! In this book Nicholas presents you a practical, unique, subliminal, very simple, detailed method of how to Talk With Your Subconscious Mind and Daydream Your Way to a Better Life. You will feel the effects immediately and the results will appear very quickly! So it was in my case. You will not achieve fulfillment and happiness until YOU become the architect of your own reality. Imagine that with a few moments each day, you could begin the powerful transformation toward complete control of your own life and well being through this unique, subliminal method combined with positive affirmations. The order of words is extremely important for every book written by Nicholas. These are arranged to be traversed in a certain way so as to eliminate certain blockages in the human being, blockages that are bringing disease or failure on various plans. You don't need a big chunk of your time or expensive programs. Everything is extremely simple! Health, money, prosperity, abundance, safety, stability, sociability, charisma, sexual vitality, erotic attraction, will, optimism, perseverance, self-confidence, tenacity, courage, love, loving relationships, self-control, self-esteem, enthusiasm , refinement, intuition, detachment, intelligence, mental calm, power of concentration, exceptional memory, aspiration, transcendence, wisdom, compassion. You have the ability to unlock your full inner-potential and achieve your ultimate goals. This is the age-old secret of the financial elite, world class scholars, and Olympic champions. For example, when you watch the Olympics, you'll find one consistency in all of the champions. Each one closes their eyes for a moment and clearly affirms & visualizes themselves completing the event flawlessly just before starting. Then they win gold medals and become champions. That's merely one example of how the real power of mind can elevate you above any of life's challenges. By reading this book, you will feel totally that life deserves to be lived and enjoyed every moment and that everything that you propose for yourself becomes easy for you to fulfill. Nicholas will guide you to touch your longed-for dream and will make you see life from a new perspective, full of freshness and success. This book helps you step by step, in a natural way, in just 3 minutes a day, to change your misguided way of thinking and to Talk With Your Subconscious Mind and Daydream Your Way to a Better Life. (NOTE: For good, Nicholas keep the price of the book as lower as he can, even if is a hard work behind this project. A significant portion of the earnings from the sale of the book are used for these purposes: for charity, volunteer projects, nature restoration, and other inspired ideas to do good where it is needed. If you can not afford to buy the book please contact Nicholas and he will give you a free copy.) You, also have a bonus in the pages of the book that makes you live your success by doing a seemingly trivial thing. You will feel the difference. Yes. The Miracle is possible! Get Your Copy Now!